On the 75th anniversary of the end of the battles of Monte Cassino The Royal British Legion is asking the nation to remember all those served and sacrificed from Britain, the Commonwealth, and Allied nations.
Monte Cassino was overshadowed by D-Day which happened just two days after the liberation of Rome, itself was a direct consequence of the Allied victory at Cassino. At the time there was a perception that the Allied armies in Italy were sunning themselves while other theatres were undertaking the `real` fighting of the war. The men and women serving in Italy were ridiculed as the “D-Day Dodgers”.
However, the so-called “D-Day Dodgers” at Cassino were to fight in some of the toughest terrain, against a skilled enemy dug-in to the defensive positions along the Gustav Line, and would do so without the resources available to other theatres. They would fight First World War style battles of attrition, in what was later to be described as the “Stalingrad of the West” and would suffer heavy casualties despite their bravery and determination.
By the time that Polish troops had captured the summit of Monte Cassino, Allied armies had suffered over 54,000 casualties and the cemeteries that lie around Cassino today testify not only to the loss of so many but to the mix of nations and forces involved, Britons, pre-partition Indians, Maoris from New Zealand, Poles, Americans, Morrocans and South Africans to name but a few.
The service and sacrifice of the Allies at Monte Cassino is best described by the song of the D-Day Dodgers written by British soldiers. The song finishes:
Look around the hillsides,
Through the mist and rain,
See the scattered crosses,
Some that bear no name.
Heartbreak and toil and suffering gone,
The lads beneath, they slumber on.
They are the D-Day Dodgers,
Who'll stay in Italy.